Bear spray — carry it, know how to use it.

The Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee recommends the use of bear spray and urges hunters to learn other bear-aware safety measures.

Hunters in bear country need to:

•Stay alert and look for bear sign;

•Carry bear spray and know how to use it;

•Hunt with a partner, leave detailed plans with someone and check-in periodically;

•Pay attention to fresh bear sign. Look for bear tracks, scat and concentrations of natural foods;

•Use caution when in hunting areas that have evidence of bear activity or in areas with scavenging birds such as magpies, ravens or crows.

Most grizzly bears will leave an area if they sense human presence. Hunters who observe a grizzly bear or suspect a bear is nearby should leave the area. If you do encounter a grizzly, stay calm, do not run and assess the situation by trying to determine whether the bear is aware of you. Is it, for instance, threatening or fleeing? Always keep the bear in sight as you back away and leave the area.

Here are some guidelines for using bear spray:

When to use bear spray:

•Bear spray should be used as a deterrent only in an aggressive or attacking confrontation with a bear.

How to use bear spray:

•Each person should carry a can of bear spray.

•Only purchase bear spray that is registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

•Use the EPA-registered bear spray in accordance with its label instructions.

•If a bear is moving toward you from a distance of 30-60 feet direct the spray downward toward the front of the bear so that the bear spray billows up and creates a cloud that acts as a barrier between you and the bear.

•If the bear is within 30 feet spray continuously at the front of the bear until it breaks off its charge.

•Spray additional bursts if the bear continues toward you. Sometimes just the noise of the spray and the appearance of the spray cloud is enough to deter a bear from continuing its charge.

•Spray additional bursts if the bear makes additional charges.

•A full canister of bear spray is essential for bear encounters. Consider carrying two cans.

•The expiration date on the spray should be checked annually.

Selecting a bear spray:

Purchase products that are clearly labeled “for deterring attacks by bears” and that are registered with the EPA.

No deterrent is 100% effective, but compared to all others, including firearms, bear spray has demonstrated success in a variety of situations in fending off threatening and attacking bears and preventing injury to the person and animal involved.

For more on living with bears and being bear aware, visit FWP website at fwp.mt.gov; then click “Be Bear Aware.”

For more on bear resistant products, go to the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee website.